What is my birthstone?

- Célia Jeandel

What is my birthstone?

A stone of life, what is it?

“What is my life stone?” is a common question among people interested in lithotherapy and semi-precious stones. Each stone has its own energy and properties, which can be used to improve health and well-being. However, it is not always easy to choose the right life stone for you.

A birthstone is not just any stone. This stone is rare and of great value.

The origin of birthstones is said to date back to Aaron's breastplate which contained twelve precious stones representing the twelve tribes of Israel.

The idea of ​​birthstones has a place in many traditions, customs and belief systems. Gems are both fine stones and precious stones.

There are different ways to learn how to find your life stone, including tests to find your life stone .

Traditionally, a birthstone is associated with each month of the year and a chakra. For example, the birthstone for January is a garnet, while babies born in April have a diamond crystal as their birthstone.

Astrological signs are also often used to guide the choice of stones of life , because each sign is associated with certain stones which are supposed to correspond to them. However, it is important to remember that each person is unique and the life stone that suits one person best may not suit another.

But which stone for me? Which stone suits me?

In addition to taking into account your astrological sign, it is important to listen to your intuition and choose the stone of life that attracts you the most. Generally, if you are attracted to a stone, it means it has something to offer you emotionally or physically.

To find your stone of life , it is important to take into account several factors such as your astrological sign, your emotional and physical needs, and your feelings.

To better calculate your birthstone , the life stones presented below are classified by calendar month of birth and deliberately do not take your astrological sign into account. So what is your life stone?


January’s birthstone: Garnet

For January natives, garnet is the perfect birthstone to represent their stone of life .

Garnet, which is most commonly red but can be found in a range of other colors, symbolizes peace, prosperity and good health . Some say it even has the power to give the wearer eternal happiness, health and wealth.

The word "garnet" comes from the 14th century Middle English word , gernet, meaning "dark red". The word is derived from the Latin granatum, meaning "seed", and is so called because of the natural stone's resemblance to the beautiful red seeds of the pomegranate.

Garnet is the name for a group of minerals that comes in a rainbow of colors, from the deep red of pyrope garnet to the vibrant green of tsavorites. Some rare garnets are even blue, colorless, or - the rarest of all garnets - change color under different lights. But the most common color is a beautiful range of reds, from rust to deep purple-red.

The folklore about garnet is vast. Legend says that garnet can bring peace, prosperity and good health to the household. Some have even called it the “Jewel of Faith,” and it is believed that for those who wear it and do good, even more good will come. (Conversely, it was also said to bring very bad luck to those who commit bad acts while wearing it.)

Garnet also represents deep and lasting friendship. With this symbolism in mind, give a garnet to someone whose friendship you deeply value.

This stone of life is so durable that remains of garnet jewelry can be found as far back as the Bronze Age. Other references date back to 3100 BC. B.C., when the Egyptians used garnet as inlays in their jewelry and sculptures. The Egyptians even said that it was the symbol of life . Garnet was also very popular among the Romans in the 3rd and 4th century.

This birthstone was also used as a talisman for protection both by warriors going into battle and those who wanted protection from plague.

Garnet jewelry has been a staple throughout the ages, and was often used as signet rings in ancient Rome, and nobility favored garnets in the Middle Ages.

Today, because garnet can be available in a range of colors, rare garnets in green or blue are breathtaking pieces , especially pendants or drop earrings.

No matter why or how you wear garnet, this beautiful natural stone is perfect for those who share January birthdays and want to begin each new year with a sense of goodwill, happiness, and purpose.

Garnet in ring with diamonds

Faceted Garnet stone on silver and zircon rings

February's birthstone: Amethyst

For people with February birthdays, amethyst is the birthstone of life .

This month is often cold, dark and short for many people around the world, so amethyst (often associated with qualities of peace, courage and stability) is the rare gem for individuals who need healing. 'a little more warmth and strength this time of year.

Amethyst is a naturally purple-tinged quartz that is found in all corners of the earth. The name comes from ancient Greek, derived from the word "methustos", meaning "drunk". Ancient wearers believed the gemstone could protect them from drunkenness.

Amethyst, as previously mentioned, is composed of quartz , which is the second most abundant material in the earth's crust. Amethyst gets its color from irradiation, iron impurities and the presence of trace elements . Its hardness (7 on the Mohs scale) is the same as other quartz, making it a durable option for jewelry.

While amethyst is most commonly recognized for being a purple color , the semi-precious stone can actually vary from a light pinkish purple to a deep purple that can read more blue or red, depending on the light. Sometimes even the same stone can have layers or variations of color, so the way the gemstone is cut is important to how the color appears in a finished piece.

Amethyst is often found in geodes or in cavities in granite rocks . It is found all over the world, including the United States, Canada, Brazil and Zambia.

Amethyst is not only the February birthstone , it is also used to celebrate the 6th and 17th years of marriage .

This stone of life , used by the ancient Greeks and Romans to ward off the intoxicating powers of Bacchus, was also said to keep the wearer lucid and sharp-minded. Throughout history, natural stone has been associated with many myths, legends, religions and many cultures. English regalia was even decorated with amethysts in the Middle Ages to symbolize royalty. Amethyst jewelry has been found and dated as early as 2000 BC. JC .

For many years, amethyst was considered one of the most precious birthstones , often favored by royalty or exclusively by clergy as a symbol of the divinity of Christ. It was even held for many years in the same way as the diamond. It was only with the discovery of more abundant reserves of amethyst that it became a gemstone valued by more than just the wealthiest buyers.

Many amethyst wearers throughout history and still today appreciate the gemstone for its symbolism as well as its beauty. Leonardo da Vinci once said that amethyst helps accelerate intelligence and get rid of bad thoughts . Other qualities like peace, stability, courage and strength are said to be derived from this gemstone.

Today, many wearers simply appreciate amethyst for its beautiful hue and the way it complements warm and cool colors.

Amethyst geode

Amethyst geode to recharge and purify minerals

Birthstones of Mars: Aquamarine and Heliotrope

For lucky people with March birthdays, two stones of life are associated with this early spring month: aquamarine and Heliotrope Jasper .


The two birthstones are very different from each other in appearance, but each share a similar symbolism of preserving or improving the wearer's health.

Aquamarine:

The serenely colored aquamarine evokes the tranquility of its namesake, the sea. In fact, the name aquamarine comes from the Latin word aqua , meaning water, and marina , meaning sea.

Aquamarine is most often light in color and varies from greenish blue to blue-green ; the color is usually more intense in larger stones, and darker blue stones are very valuable. This precious stone is mined mainly in Brazil, but it is also found in Nigeria, Madagascar, Zambia, Pakistan and Mozambique.

Aquamarine grows in large, six-sided crystals up to a foot long, making it a semi-precious stone to cut and polish in large carats for bold pieces.

Aquamarine is not only one of the birthstones for March , it is also used to celebrate 19 years of marriage .

This stone was once believed to protect sailors and ensure safe travel. “ The serene blue ” of aquamarine, it was said, refreshes the temperament, allowing the wearer to remain calm and have a clear mind.

In the Middle Ages, many believed that simply wearing aquamarine was a literal antidote to poisoning. The Romans believed that if you carved a frog from aquamarine jewelry , it would help you reconcile differences between enemies and make new friends.

Other historical groups took this tradition even further, using this stone of life as a gift to the bride at a wedding to symbolize long unity and love . Some even believed that it could awaken an attraction between two people.

The Sumerians, Egyptians, and Hebrews all admired aquamarine, and many warriors wore it into battle to achieve victory. Many ancient medicines used aquamarine powder to help cure all kinds of infections, but it was thought to be particularly good for eye diseases.

Natural fine stone collection

Today, aquamarine lovers appreciate it for its cool, tranquil color, and as the perfect complement to any skin tone or setting.

Aquamarine bracelet

Aquamarine and Gold Bracelet

Heliotrope Jasper:

The second birthstone for March is Heliotrope or Bloodstone , a semi-precious stone that is dark green and speckled with bright red spots of iron oxide. Commonly found embedded in rocks or in river beds in the form of pebbles, the primary sources for this gemstone are India, Brazil and Australia.

Heliotrope comes from the ancient Greek meaning “to turn the sun” . Many believe it was probably named so because of ancient ideas about how minerals reflect light.

For those looking for good quality bloodstones , a solid green color with visible red veins is generally considered best.

This ancient stone was used by the Babylonians to make seals and amulets, and was believed to have healing powers, especially for blood disorders. It is sometimes called the Martyr's Stone , because legend has it that it was created when drops of Christ's blood colored the jasper at the foot of the cross.

Many other ancient cultures believed that this stone of life had magical powers, with some references to its ability to heal dating back to 5000 BC. JC.

The Babylonians used bloodstone in their divination, and the Egyptians valued bloodstone because they believed it helped them defeat their enemies. They also believed that it increased their strength or made them invisible.

Still others believed that bloodstones could help control or change the weather , or win legal battles. It was so valued for its properties, many used the stone in jewelry, bridge rings, and even small cups or statues.

Today, some still wear bloodstone as a good luck charm . No matter how you use or wear bloodstone, it is a unique gemstone ideal for everyday use.

April's birthstone: Diamond

For those lucky enough to be born in April, the most precious gemstone of all is their life stone .

You probably already know the hardness of diamond. In fact, it is the hardest gemstone and is made of just one element: carbon.

Its structure makes it 58 times harder than anything found in nature and it can only be cut with another diamond . Although it has become almost synonymous with wedding engagements, it is also the perfect stone for people who want something that is suitable for everyday use as well as special occasions.

Diamonds come in many colors, including yellow, red, pink, blue and green, and range in intensity from faint to vivid. In general, the more saturated the color, the higher the value.

In fact, sparkling diamonds of intense color are rare and can command a higher price than a colorless diamond of equal size. Because fancy colored diamonds are very desirable, the color is sometimes introduced in a laboratory. These are colored diamonds , as they are aptly called.

Its unique physical properties give it the best luster possible among all gemstones when properly cut and polished. So, if you are looking for a "spark", diamond is the gemstone for you.

Diamonds have been admired for centuries and some historians estimate they were traded as early as 4 BC. JC. One of the reasons it is so admired and appreciated is the process by which a diamond must be formed: deep below the Earth's crust, then slowly brought up to the surface until it is discovered. .

But before this process was understood, many ancient civilizations believed that diamonds were messages from Nature that grew in the earth. Perhaps this is why diamonds have often been associated with great healing powers . Many believed that this stone of life could cure brain diseases, relieve pituitary disorders, and draw toxins from the blood.

Historically, diamond first became a popular gemstone in India, when bosses and imperial colony easily extracted diamonds from deposits along three major rivers. Today, the diamond is best known as the stone to give as part of an engagement ring .

Throughout history, however, the diamond has almost always symbolized eternal and lasting love. So whether you're getting engaged or just want to treat yourself to a truly meaningful gift, the diamond is both beautiful and enduringly symbolic.

diamond ring

Diamond, Silver and Zircon Ring

May's birthstone: Emerald

For birthdays that fall in the heart of spring, emerald is the perfect gem to symbolize and celebrate this month .

Appreciated for its bright and beautiful green color, emerald is often worn as prestige jewelry at major events.

But this stunning stone is at home in an unassuming pendant or an ornate tiara.

As the birthstone for the month of May , emerald, a symbol of rebirth, is believed to give the owner foresight, luck, and youth. Emerald, derived from the word "smaragdus", literally means "green" in Greek.

Like aquamarine, emerald is a variety of beryl, a mineral that grows with six sides and up to a foot in length. Emerald color can vary from light green to a deep, rich green . Emeralds are also like aquamarine in that the way the color presents itself in jewelry depends on proper cutting by a qualified gemologist.

The greener an emerald is, the more valuable it is . The rarest emeralds will appear to be an intense blue-green.

Emeralds are found all over the world , including Colombia, Brazil, Afghanistan and Zambia. The availability of high quality emerald is limited; therefore, treatments to improve clarity are carried out regularly.

Emerald was mined in Egypt as early as 330 BC, but some estimate that the oldest emeralds are 2.97 billion years old .

Cleopatra is perhaps the most famous historical figure to cherish emeralds. She even claimed ownership of all the emerald mines in Egypt during her reign .

The Egyptians used emeralds both in jewelry and in their elaborate burials , often burying emeralds with monarchs as symbols of protection.

On the other side of the world, the Muzo Indians of Colombia had well-hidden and prized emerald mines . These mines were so hidden that it took the Spanish conquistadors almost twenty years to find them.

Like other gemstones, emerald was considered to have many mystical powers that accompanied its beauty. There were those who believed that emerald could cure stomach problems, control epilepsy and stop bleeding. Perhaps due to its calming green color, it was also thought to be able to prevent panic and keep the wearer relaxed and calm.

Today, emerald is a symbol of loyalty, new beginnings, peace and security , making it not only a beautiful piece of jewelry to wear, but also a precious gift that the recipient appreciates.

Emerald and ruby ​​pendant

Emerald, Gold and Ruby Pendant

June birthstones: Pearl, Moonstone and Alexandrite

June is one of only two months where three birthstones are combined, giving lucky June-born people a choice of gemstones between pearl, alexandrite, and moonstone .

June birthstones range from cream-colored opalescent pearl and moonstone to alexandrite, a rare color-changing species. With this choice of color options, June birthday people can choose a beautiful gemstone to fit any mood.

Pearl:

Pearls are the only gemstones made by living creatures . Molluscs produce pearls by depositing layers of calcium carbonate around microscopic irritants that lodge in their shells, usually not a grain of sand as is commonly believed.

The name "pearl" comes from the Old French perle, from the Latin perna meaning "paw" , referring to the paw shape of an open mollusk shell. Because perfectly round, smooth natural pearls are so rare, the word "pearl" can refer to anything rare and precious.

The rarest and most expensive pearls are natural pearls made in nature, without human intervention. The majority of pearls sold today are cultured by implanting a piece of grafted shell (and sometimes a round pearl) into pearl oysters or freshwater mussels.

The pearls are very soft, ranging from 2.5 to 4.5 on the Mohs scale . They are sensitive to extreme heat and acidity; in fact, calcium carbonate is so sensitive to acid that real pearls dissolve in vinegar.

The finest pearls have a naturally reflective luster, giving them a creamy white appearance with an iridescent sheen that yields many colorful hues.

Cultured freshwater pearls can also be dyed yellow, green, blue, brown, pink, purple or black.

Black pearls , which are mostly cultivated because they are so rare in nature, are not really black but rather green, purple, blue, or silver.

Pearls were once found in many parts of the world, but natural pearls are now confined to the waters of the Persian Gulf near Bahrain . Australia has one of the last pearl diving fleets in the world and still harvests natural pearls in the Indian Ocean.

Today, most freshwater cultured pearls come from China . South Sea pearls are grown along the northwest coast of Australia, the Philippines and Indonesia.

Pearls have been used as ornament for centuries, at least since ancient Greece, where pearls were believed to be the tears of the gods. The oldest known pearl jewelry was discovered in the sarcophagus of a Persian princess who died in 520 BC .

Ancient Japanese folk tales say that pearls were created from the tears of mythical creatures like mermaids and nymphs . Early Chinese civilizations believed that dragons carried pearls between their teeth and that the dragon had to be killed to claim the pearls, which symbolized wisdom.

Other cultures associated pearls with the moon , calling them "moon tears". Hindu folklore explained that dew drops fell from the moon into the sea, and Krishna chose one for his daughter on her wedding day.

Because natural pearls were so rare throughout history, only the wealthiest nobles could afford them. During the Byzantine Empire, rules dictated that only the emperor was allowed to wear these precious gemstones. The ancient Egyptians were often buried with their precious pearls.

Tudor England was known as the Pearl Age due to the stone's popularity with the upper class during the 16th century. The portraits showed members of the royal family wearing jewelry and clothing adorned with pearls.

Pearls became more accessible in the early 1900s when the first commercial cultivation of saltwater pearls began in Asia. Since the 1920s, cultured pearls have almost completely replaced natural pearls in the market, making this classic gemstone affordable for almost any budget.

pearl mounted in a ring

Natural pearl mounted on a gold ring

Alexandrite

A relatively modern stone of life , alexandrite was discovered in Russian emerald mines located in the Ural Mountains. Legends claim it was discovered in 1834, the same day the future Russian Tsar Alexander II came of age, and was named to honor him.

Often described as "emerald by day, ruby ​​by night" , alexandrite is a rare variety of the mineral chrysoberyl that changes color from bluish green in daylight to purplish red under incandescent light.

This color change is the result of its unusual chemical composition which includes traces of chromium, the same coloring agent found in emerald. The unlikelihood of these elements combining under the right conditions makes alexandrite one of the rarest and most expensive gemstones on earth.

Alexandrite mined from the famous deposits of Russia sets the quality standard for this gemstone. Today, most alexandrites come from Sri Lanka, Brazil and East Africa, usually pale in comparison to the bright colors of Russian gemstones.

With a hardness of 8.5 on the Mohs scale, alexandrite is softer than sapphire and harder than garnet , other gemstones that can change color. However, due to its rarity, alexandrite is more valuable than most gemstones, even rubies and diamonds.

Associated with concentration and learning, alexandrite is believed to strengthen intuition, promote creativity and inspire imagination , bringing good omens to all who wear it.

Moon stone

The third June birthstone, moonstone , was named by the Roman natural historian Pliny , who wrote that the glowing appearance of moonstone changed with the phases of the moon.

Moonstone is composed of microscopic layers of feldspar that diffuse light to cause an adularescence effect. Thinner layers produce a bluish sheen and thicker layers appear white . These stones of life come in a range of colors from yellow to gray, green, blue, peach and pink, sometimes with a star or cat's eye.

The most beautiful classic moonstones, colorless and transparent with blue reflections, come from Sri Lanka. Since these sources of high-quality bluestones were essentially exhausted, prices have risen sharply.

Moonstones are also found in India, Australia, Myanmar, Madagascar and the United States . Brown, green or orange colored Indian gemstones are more abundant and less expensive than regular blue stones.

The weakness of this beautiful gemstone is its relatively low hardness of 6 on the Mohs scale , which makes it vulnerable to stress cracking and cleavage. Moonstone jewelry such as rings or bracelets must be maintained with care; This is why brooches and pendants are sometimes preferred for their long-term durability.

Moonstone has been used as a beautiful ornament and powerful talisman since ancient civilizations . The Romans admired it, believing that it was made of moonbeams. The Romans and Greeks associated moonstone with their lunar deities.

Hindu mythology also said that moonstone was made from the ethereal light of the moon . Legend described it as a sacred and magical "dreamstone" that could bring serenity and beauty to dreams at night.

Florida adopted moonstone as its official state gemstone in 1970 to commemorate the Apollo 11 moon landing and other spaceflights launched from Florida, even though moonstone does not occur naturally in Florida or on the moon.

Valued for centuries, moonstone is still popular and accessible today. It is the preferred June birthstone rather than pearl and alexandrite, in some parts of the world like Germany and Scandinavia.

Moonstone Pendant

Moonstone and Silver Pendant

The birthstone of July: Ruby

Whether you're showing your love for someone born in July, or celebrating a 15th or 40th wedding anniversary, there's no better gift than ruby ​​jewelry.

The ruby, king of precious stones, is the stone of life for those lucky people born in July. A symbol of the passion and energy associated with the color red, vibrant ruby ​​is said to bring love and success.

The name "ruby" comes from the Latin word rubeus, meaning red. In ancient Sanskrit, ruby ​​was translated into ratnaraj, which meant “king of precious stones”. These fiery gems have been cherished throughout history for their color and vitality.

The chromium that gives ruby ​​its red color also causes fluorescence , which makes rubies glow like fire from the inside. Paradoxically, chromium is also what makes this gemstone rare because it can cause cracks. Few rubies actually grow large enough to crystallize into high-quality gemstones, and these can bring even higher prices than diamonds.

Strong and durable, the ruby ​​measures 9 on the Mohs scale. Diamond is the only natural gemstone harder than ruby.

Ruby's strength and red fluorescence make it valuable for applications beyond jewelry. Natural and synthetic rubies are used in watchmaking, medical instruments and lasers.

Due to its deep red color, ruby ​​has long been associated with life force and blood vitality. The ancients believed that it amplified energy, increased consciousness, encouraged courage, and brought success in wealth, love, and battle.

A symbol of passion, protection and prosperity, ruby ​​gemstones have been revered since ancient times.

Rubies have been particularly prized in Asian countries. Records suggest that rubies were traded along the Silk Road of northern China as early as 200 BC. Chinese nobles adorned their armor with rubies because they believed the gemstone would grant protection. They also buried rubies under the building's foundations to ensure good fortune.

Ancient Hindus believed that they would be reborn as emperors if they offered rubies to the god Krishna. In Hindu folklore, the glowing fire inside rubies burned so hot that they were said to boil water. Greek legends also claimed that the heat of ruby ​​could melt wax.

In Burma, warriors in 600 AD. BC, believed that rubies made them invincible. They even implanted rubies into their skin to protect themselves in battle. Burmese rubies are still among the most prized gemstones of all rubies.

Many cultures also admired the ruby ​​as a symbol of love and passion. Rubies have long been considered the perfect wedding jewelry.

Imitation ruby ​​dates back to Roman times , although it was not synthesized until the early 1900s.

The red fluorescence power of ruby ​​helped build the first working laser in 1960. Rubies – both natural and synthetic – are still used to make lasers, as well as watches and medical instruments.

After conventional Burmese mines were exhausted, the Mong Hsu region of Myanmar began producing rubies in the 1990s. Although they lacked the rich red hue of traditional Burmese rubies, they were heat treated to improve saturation and transparency. Heat treated rubies is a common practice today, increased awareness, promoted courage and brought success in wealth, love and battle.

Rubies and diamonds mounted as a flower pendant

Ruby, Gold and Zircon Pendant

August birthstones: Sardonyx, Peridot and Spinel

In 2016, August joined June and December as one of the three birth months represented by three life stones.

The original birthstone for August was Sardonyx, then Peridot was added , becoming the primary gemstone for August. The addition of Spinel, which can be found in a variety of colors, gives August natives a plethora of options.

Peridot:

Although peridot is widely recognized by its brilliant lime green luster, the origin of this gemstone's name is unclear. Most researchers agree that the word "peridot" comes from the Arabic faridat, meaning "gem," but some believe it is rooted in the Greek word peridona, meaning "to give much." This may be why peridot was traditionally associated with prosperity and good fortune.

Peridot's characteristic green color comes from the composition of the mineral itself , rather than traces of impurities, as is the case with many gemstones. This is why it is one of the few gemstones that only comes in one color, although shades can vary from yellowish green to olive green to brownish green, depending on the amount of iron present .

Although it's called the "Evening Emerald" because of its sparkling green hue, peridot looks beautiful any time of day.

Most of the world's peridot supply comes from the San Carlos Reserve in Arizona. Other sources are China, Myanmar, Pakistan and Africa.

Peridot jewelry dates to the second millennium BC These ancient Egyptian gemstones came from deposits on a small volcanic island in the Red Sea called Topazios, now known as St. John's Island or Zabargad.

The ancient Egyptians called peridot the “gem of the sun,” believing that it protected the wearer from the terrors of the night. Egyptian priests believed it harnessed the power of nature and used inlaid cups to commune with their natural gods.

Some historians believe that Cleopatra's famous emerald collection may have actually been peridot. Throughout medieval times, people continued to confuse these two green gemstones. The 200-carat gemstones that adorn one of the sanctuaries of Cologne Cathedral in Germany have long been thought to be emeralds, but they are also peridots.

This stone of life experienced a revival in the 1990s when new deposits were discovered in Pakistan , producing some of the most beautiful peridots ever discovered. Some of these “Kashmir peridots” measured over 100 carats.

The world's most productive peridot deposit is found on the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation in Arizona . It is estimated that 80 to 95 percent of the world's peridot supply is found here.

Thanks to these rich gemstone deposits , the current demand for peridots can now be met easily, giving people born in August affordable options for wearing this beautiful green birthstone.

peridot tumbled stones

Peridot

Sardonyx:

The Sardonyx stone combines alternating layers of sardana and onyx which create a reddish zebra striped gemstone with white bands.

Just like its name which combines sard (in reference to the ancient Persian city, Sardis, in present-day Turkey, where the red stone was found) with onyx (from the Greek word of the same spelling, which means "nail or claw.")

The color of the sard varies from yellowish red to reddish brown, depending on the amount of iron oxide present. Sard is easily confused with carnelian, another type of chalcedony that is slightly softer and lighter in color.

Sardonyx, like onyx, shows layers of parallel bands – instead of the chaotic, curved bands that make up agate, another type of chalcedony.

The finest examples of sardonyx, which have strong contrasts between layers and are found in India . Other sources include Brazil, Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Madagascar, Uruguay and the United States.

This stone has been popular for centuries, dating back over 4,000 years.
The ancient Greeks and Romans went into battle carrying sardonyx talismans engraved with images of heroes and gods like Hercules and Mars. They believed that the stone could harness the bravery of these characters, giving them courage, victory and protection on the battlefield.

Sardonyx was a popular stone for Roman seals and easel rings that were used to stamp wax emblems on official documents, because hot wax does not stick to this gemstone.

During the Renaissance, sardonyx was associated with eloquence. Orators and public speakers have worn it to facilitate clarity of thought and communication.

Spinel:

Spinel stone is often confused with a ruby ​​or pink sapphire because it can resemble either. In fact, some of the most famous rubies in history turned out to be spinel. But its distinctive features, like its crystal structure and unique refraction, are what set it apart from other gemstones. Spinel also has a lower Mohs hardness than ruby ​​and sapphire.

Large deposits of spinel have been discovered in Cambodia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand. It has also been found in Afghanistan, Australia, Brazil, Madagascar, Nepal, Nigeria, Tajikistan, Tanzania and the United States.

Bright red is the most sought after color of spinel gemstones , followed by cobalt blue, hot pink and bright orange. The most affordable gemstones are often those with lighter colors, such as lavender. You can also find spinels in black, blue violet, greenish blue, greenish blue, grayish, pale pink, mauve, yellow or brown.

Spinel could easily earn the title of “Most Underrated Gem”. Throughout history, it has often been confused with ruby ​​and sapphire.

Some of the most famous rubies in history turned out to be spinel. Large red gems, such as the "Black Prince's Ruby" and the "Timur Ruby" in the Crown Jewels of England have confirmed them to be large red spinels. Many English monarchs, including Henry VIII, have had highly valuable spinel gemstones.

A member of the spinel group, Magnetite, has magnetic properties. As early as the 11th century, sailors used this form of spinel known as limestone to magnetize their compasses.

September birthstone: Sapphire

September's birthstone is sapphire, a gemstone known for wisdom, loyalty and nobility.

When people say "sapphire" , they are usually referring to the royal blue variety of this gem, although it can occur in all colors of the rainbow (except red, which is classified as ruby ​​to the place).

Although sapphire typically refers to the rich blue gemstone variety of the mineral corundum, this regal gemstone is found in a rainbow of hues. Sapphires come in all colors except red , which gain the classification of rubies instead.

Trace minerals like iron, titanium, chromium, copper and magnesium give naturally colorless corundum a blue, yellow, purple, orange or green hue, respectively. Sapphires of any color except blue are called "fancy" .

Pinkish orange sapphires called padparadscha (from the Sri Lankan word for "lotus flower") can command higher prices than some blue sapphires.

The name "sapphire" comes from the Latin sapphire and the Greek sappheiros , meaning "blue stone", although these words may have originally referred to lapis lazuli. Some believe it comes from the Sanskrit word sanipriya which meant “dear to Saturn”.

Sapphires are found in India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, China, Australia, Brazil, Africa and North America (mainly Montana). Their origin can affect their value as much as color, cut, clarity and carat size.

The remarkable hardness of sapphires, which measures 9 on the Mohs scale, is surpassed only by that of diamond . They are not only used in jewelry, but also in industrial applications such as scientific instruments, high-durability windows, watches and electronics.

Sapphire gemstones symbolize loyalty, nobility, sincerity and integrity. They are associated with concentration of the mind, maintaining self-discipline and channeling higher powers.

Sapphire has been popular since the Middle Ages. The celestial blue color of this gemstone symbolized heaven and attracted divine favor and wise judgment.

The Greeks wore sapphire for guidance when seeking answers from the oracle. Buddhists believed it brought spiritual enlightenment, and Hindus used it during worship. Early Christian kings cherished the protective powers of sapphire by using it in ecclesiastical rings.

Famous star sapphires, such as the 1404.49 carat Star of Adam , the 563.4 carat Star of India and the 182 carat Star of Bombay, come from mines in Sri Lanka.

Australia was a major source of sapphires until deposits were discovered in Madagascar in the 1990s. Madagascar is now the world leader in sapphire production.

In 1902, French chemist Auguste Verneuil developed a process for manufacturing synthetic sapphire. This has enabled the abundance of industrial applications, whether integrated circuits, satellite communication systems, highly durable windows or scientific instruments.

Sapphire became a symbol of royal love in 1981 when Britain's Prince Charles gave Lady Diana a 12-carat blue sapphire engagement ring. Prince William later gave this ring to Catherine Middleton when he proposed in 2010. Today, the premium blue sapphire remains one of Mother Nature's rare gemstones.

sapphire cabochon mounted as a pendant

Sapphire drop pendant

October Birthstones: Opal and Tourmaline

People born in October have the choice of two birthstones: Tourmaline and Opal . Each birthstone comes in a rainbow of shades and color combinations, giving October natives a variety of options.

Between tourmaline (whose color depends on trace elements in its chemical makeup) and opal (which diffracts light to show a play of multiple colors), October birthstones offer a complete range of gemstones for satisfy personal tastes.

Opal:

The name "opal" comes from the Greek word opallios, which means "to see a change in color" . The "play of colors" characteristic of opal was explained in the 1960s, when scientists discovered that it is composed of microscopic spheres of silica that diffract light to display the different colors of the rainbow. sky.

There are dozens of varieties of opal , but only a few (like fire opal and rock opal) are universally recognized.

The classic country of origin of Opal is Australia . Seasonal rains have soaked the parched Outback, carrying silica deposits underground into cracks between rock layers. When the water evaporated, these deposits formed into opal. Sometimes silica seeped into spaces around wood, shells and skeletons, resulting in opalized fossils.

Since opal was discovered in Australia around 1850, the country has produced 95 percent of the world's supply. Opal is also mined in Mexico, Brazil, Honduras, Ethiopia, the Czech Republic, and parts of the United States, including Nevada and Idaho .

The water content of opal can vary from 3 to 21% . This, combined with a hardness of only 5.5 to 6 on the Mohs scale, makes opal a delicate gemstone that can "crack" under extreme temperatures, dehydration, or direct light.

According to Arab legend, opals fell from the sky in lightning. Australian Aborigines, on the other hand, believed that the creator came to Earth on a rainbow, leaving these colorful stones where his feet touched the ground.

In AD 75, the Roman scholar Pliny likened opals to volcanoes and vibrant paintings, noting that their dancing "play" of colors could simulate the shades of all gemstones .

In the Middle Ages, opal was believed to possess the powers of every gemstone whose color appeared in its luster, making it a stone of luck.

The discovery of opal deposits in Australia revived the image of opal after 1850 and began producing 95% of the world's supply, and many of its finest opals.

After discovering the spherical structure of opal silica in the 1960s, scientists figured out how to synthesize it in 1974.

Since then, opal has grown in popularity thanks to recent discoveries in Ethiopia. The material mined in Shewa province in 1994 was undesirable because it was dark and tended to crack easily. But the deposits in the province of Wollo, discovered in 2008, brought brightly colored displays to the market.

The depletion of classic opal stocks in Australia is impacting the price of this one-of-a-kind kaleidoscopic gemstone. Because its flashing play of color can accommodate many changes in mood and tastes, opal remains in high demand.

Today there is also Opaline , a synthetic stone very popular in jewelry.

raw Opal stone

Natural Opal is a feast for the eyes

Tourmaline:

The name "tourmaline" comes from the Sinhalese words tura mali, meaning "mixed colored stone". As its name suggests, tourmaline stands out from other gemstones with its broad spectrum of colors in all shades of the rainbow.

Tourmaline is not a single mineral, but a rather complex group of minerals with different chemical compositions and physical properties. Some trace minerals produce distinct colors, and many of the resulting varieties have their own names:

Dravite or brown tourmaline is rich in magnesium, which causes colors ranging from brown to yellow. It owes its name to the district of Drava in Carinthine (today Slovenia) where it is located.

Rubellite or red tourmaline is caused by manganese, but if the color becomes less bright under different light sources, it can be called pink tourmaline.

Indicolite or blue tourmaline can appear purplish blue or bluish green, depending on the amount of iron and titanium.

Verdelite or green tourmaline may resemble emerald, but if its color is caused by chromium and vanadium, it is called a chrome tourmaline.

Paraíba tourmaline is a purplish or greenish blue colored variety found in Paraíba, Brazil. It is the most recent discovery, and due to its intense colors, it is one of the most valuable. The copper element is responsible for its bright colors. Copper tourmaline is also found in other parts of the world like Mozambique and Nigeria, but only copper tourmaline from Paraíba in Brazil is called "Paraíba tourmaline".

Black tourmaline , known as "schorl" is rich in iron, which causes dark shades ranging from dark brown to bluish black. This variety accounts for 95% of all tourmaline, although most of it is not gem quality.

Achroite or colorless tourmaline is rare.

Partially colored tourmaline exhibits more than one color, due to chemical fluctuations during crystallization. A common color combination is green and pink. They are often sliced ​​to reveal a red center surrounded by a green edge, hence the name "watermelon tourmaline" .

Tourmaline is mined in Brazil, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, Mozambique, Madagascar, Afghanistan, Pakistan and the United States, mainly in Maine and California.

Tourmaline is desirable because of its range of colors. Combined with a good hardness of 7 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale, tourmaline makes jewelry very pleasant.

One of the most impressive characteristics of this natural stone is its ability to become electrically charged through heat (pyroelectricity) and pressure (piezoelectricity). When charged, tourmaline can act like a magnet by oscillating and attracting or repelling dust particles.

Ancient magicians used black tourmaline as a talisman to protect against negative energy and evil forces. Today, many still believe it can protect against radiation, pollutants, toxins and negative thoughts.

Egyptian legend has it that tourmaline found its famous palette of colors when, on its way up from the center of the Earth, it passed through a rainbow. Due to its colorful occurrences, tourmaline has been confused with other gemstones throughout history.

In the 16th century, a Spanish conquistador found a green tourmaline in Brazil which he mistook for emerald . His error persisted until the 1800s, when mineralogists finally identified tourmaline as its own mineral species.

American deposits of tourmaline caused the gemstone's spike in popularity. In 1876, mineralogist George Kunz started a craze when he sold Maine green tourmaline to Tiffany & Co.

In the early 1890s, tourmaline was reported in California, where Native Americans had for centuries given certain colors of the gemstone as burial gifts .

At that time, China represented the largest market for tourmaline. The Chinese Empress Dowager Cixi was particularly fond of pink tourmaline , and she purchased large quantities of it from deposits in San Diego County.

Brazilian discoveries of tourmaline in the 1980s and 1990s reignited interest in this gemstone, because materials mined in Paraíba featured vibrant greens, blues, and vibrant purples. This region has produced the finest and most valuable tourmaline specimens in the world, including the largest, weighing 191.87 carats .

Raw black tourmaline

Raw black tournaline

November birthstones: Topaz and Citrine

Those born in November can choose between two sunny gemstones to brighten up this cold month.

Topaz and citrine look so similar, in fact, that they have often been confused throughout history. They are unrelated minerals, and topaz is found in a wide spectrum of colors well beyond yellow.

Topaz:

Throughout much of history, all yellow gemstones have been considered topaz and all topaz have been considered yellow.

The name topaz derives from Topazios , the ancient Greek name for the island of St. John in the Red Sea. Although the yellow stones mined there were probably not topaz, it quickly became the name for most yellowish stones.

Pure topaz is colorless , but it can become tinged with impurities to take on any color of the rainbow. Precious topaz is brownish orange to yellow in color and is often confused with "smoky quartz" or "citrine quartz", although quartz and topaz are unrelated minerals.

The most popular color is Imperial Topaz, which features a vibrant orange hue with pink undertones. Blue topaz, although increasingly abundant on the market, very rarely occurs naturally and is often caused by irradiation treatment.

The largest producer of quality topaz gemstones is Brazil. Other sources include Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Russia, Australia, Nigeria, Germany, Mexico and the United States, mainly California, Utah and New Hampshire.

Measuring 8 on the Mohs scale , topaz is a very hard and durable gemstone.

During the Renaissance in Europe, people believed that topaz could break spells and calm anger . Hindus considered topaz sacred, believing that a pendant could bring wisdom and longevity to their lives. African shamans also treated the stone as sacred, using it in their healing rituals.

The Ural Mountains became an important source of topaz in the 19th century. The precious pinkish-orange gemstone mined there was named Imperial Topaz in honor of the Russian Tsar, and only members of the royal family could possess it.

Since the discovery of large deposits of topaz in Brazil in the mid-19th century, topaz has become much more affordable and widely available.

Varieties of light blue topaz can be found in Texas , although they are not commercially mined there. Blue topaz became an official Texas gemstone in 1969 – the same year Utah adopted topaz as its state gemstone.

Earrings with topaz stones

Topaz and Silver Earrings

Citrine:

The second birthstone for November, citrine, is a variety of quartz that ranges in color from pale yellow to brownish orange. It takes its name from the citron fruit because of its lemony nuances.

Citrine's pale yellow color closely resembles topaz , which explains why the two November birthstones have been so easily confused throughout history.

Citrine's yellow hues are caused by traces of iron in quartz crystals . This rarely occurs in nature, so most citrine on the market is made by heat treating other varieties of quart (usually purple amethyst and smoky quartz).

Brazil is the largest supplier of citrine. Other sources are Spain, Bolivia, France, Russia, Madagascar and the United States (Colorado, North Carolina and California). Different geographies yield different shades of citrine.

With a hardness of 7 on the Mohs scale , citrine is very resistant to scratches and everyday wear, making it a nice option for large, wearable jewelry.

Citrine quartz has been adored since ancient times. The name citrine was used to refer to yellow semi-precious stones as early as 1385, when the word was first recorded in English. However, since the stone's color closely resembles topaz, these two November birthstones have shared a history of mistaken identity.

Quartz and topaz are actually unrelated mineral species . But before these differences were clear, many cultures called citrine (the yellow variety of quartz) by other names like golden topaz, Madeira, or Spanish topaz contributed to the confusion.

In ancient times, people believed that citrine gemstones could calm the spirits, soothe anger and manifest desires, especially prosperity. To harness these powers , the Egyptians used citrine stones as talismans, the ancient Greeks carved iconic images on them, and Roman priests fashioned them into rings.

A key discovery gave citrine a surge in popularity in the mid-18th century . Mineralogists realized that amethyst and smoky quartz could be heat treated to produce citrine lemon and golden hues.

Once citrine was distinguished from topaz , it quickly became popular in women's jewelry as well as men's cufflinks and rings.

citrine in geode

Block of raw natural Citrine

December Birthstones: Tanzanite, Zircon and Turquoise

December birthstones offer three ways to combat the winter blues: Tanzanite, Zircon, and Turquoise . All are known for their magnificent tones of blue.

These semi-precious stones range from the oldest on Earth (zircon), to one of the first stones mined and used in jewelry (turquoise), to one of the most recent discoveries (tanzanite).

All of these stones are relatively inexpensive, but their beauty rivals even precious stones. Colorless zircon is a compelling substitute for diamond, tanzanite often replaces sapphire, and turquoise is unmatched in its shade of blue.

Whatever your style, one of the three December birthstones will match your true blue desires.

Tanzanite:

Tanzanite is the blue-purple variety of the mineral zoisite found only in part of the world . Named for its limited geographic origin in Tanzania, tanzanite has rapidly gained popularity since its relatively recent discovery.

Zoisite had existed for more than a century and a half before the discovery of this rare blue variety in 1967 . Traces of vanadium, mixed with extreme heat, cause the blue-violet color, which ranges from pale blue to intense ultramarine with purple undertones.

Tanzanite is still only found on a few square kilometers of land in Tanzania, near the majestic Mount Kilimanjaro . Tanzanite measures 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs hardness scale, which is nowhere near as hard as the sapphire it often replaces. Given its vulnerability to scratches from daily wear and abrasion, tanzanite is better suited for earrings and pendants than rings.

Between its dark blue color and limited supply , tanzanite is cherished by many, whether one was born in December or not.

Unlike many well-known gemstones that have been used for centuries, tanzanite's history is relatively modern .

The common story of the discovery of tanzanite is that Maasai herders found blue crystals in the Merelani Hills near Arusha, Tanzania, while tending livestock in 1967 . They notified a prospector named Manuel d'Souza, who quickly registered claims with the government to begin mining.

Around two million carats of tanzanite were mined before the Tanzanian government nationalized the mines in 1971.
An independent study from 2012 suggests that tanzanite deposits could become depleted within as little as 30 years.

Tanzanite may not have the long history of other gemstones, but with its limited reserves and growing popularity, it is highly prized for its rare beauty.

tanzanite pendant

Tanzanite pendant mounted on silver

Zircon:

Zircon is an underrated semi-precious stone , few people realize that it is a spectacular natural gemstone available in a variety of colors.

The name "zircon" probably comes from the Persian word zargun, meaning "gold color" . Others associate it with the Arabic zarkun, meaning “vermillion.” Given its wide range of colors (red, orange, yellow, green, green, blue and brown) both origins are plausible.

Zircon typically comes in brownish red, which can be popular for its earth tones. However, most quality gemstones are heat treated until they are colorless, golden, or blue (the most popular color). Blue zircon, in particular, is the alternative birthstone for December.

Color differences in zircon are caused by impurities, some of which (like uranium) may be slightly radioactive. These stones are also heat treated to stabilize the radioactivity.

Although radiation can break down the crystal structure of zircon, it plays a crucial role in radiometric dating . Zircon, Earth's oldest mineral, contains important clues about the formation of our planet.

Zircon from Australia is 4.4 billion years old. Australia still leads the world in zircon mining, producing 37% of the world's supply. Other sources include Thailand, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Cambodia, Canada and the United States.

Since the Middle Ages, people have believed that zircon can induce sleep, ward off evil, and promote prosperity.

In the 1920s, heat treatment became common practice to enhance the color of zircon gemstones for jewelry. Zircon has also been used in the decorative ceramic industry.

While zircon is a semi-precious stone popular among collectors for its range of colors, many enthusiasts seem more drawn to the blue variety .

Turquoise:

Admired since antiquity, turquoise is known for its distinct color, which ranges from powder blue to greenish blue. It is one of the few minerals to give its name to anything resembling its striking color.

The word "turquoise" dates back to the 13th century, originating from the French expression "pierre tourques" , which referred to "Turkish stone" brought to Europe from Turkey.

Ancient Persia (present-day Iran) was the traditional source of sky blue turquoise. This color is often called "Persian blue" today, regardless of its origin. The Sinai Peninsula in Egypt was also an important historical source.

The United States is today the world's largest supplier of turquoise . Nevada, New Mexico, California, and Colorado have produced turquoise, but Arizona leads in value and quality. The stone's popularity makes it a staple of Native American jewelry.

Turquoise is found in arid regions where rainwater dissolves copper in the soil, forming colorful nodular deposits when it combines with aluminum and phosphorus. Copper gives blue hues, while iron and chrome add a touch of green.

Turquoise is sensitive to direct sunlight and solvents like makeup, perfume, and natural oils. The hardest turquoise measures only 6 on the Mohs scale, which has made this soft gemstone popular in carved talismans throughout history.

From the ancient Egyptians to the Persians, Aztecs and Native Americans, kings and warriors have admired turquoise for thousands of years. It adorned everything from jewelry and ceremonial masks to weapons and bridles, granting power and protection.

Highly valued for its striking namesake color and ancient history, turquoise remains popular throughout time .

Cultures around the world have admired the color turquoise since ancient times.

The oldest accounts come from ancient Egyptian tombs , which contain elaborate turquoise jewelry dating back to 3000 BCE. The Egyptians used it as an inlay and carved it into scarabs, in gold necklaces and rings. Most notably, King Tutankhamun's iconic funerary mask was adorned with extravagant turquoise.

The oldest turquoise mines are located in the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt. We sat near an ancient temple dedicated to Hathor, the Greek goddess of love and joy, revered as a protector in the desert and as the patroness of mining. The Egyptians called turquoise mefkat, which meant “joy” and “pleasure.”

Believing in the protection guaranteed by turquoise, the Persians decorated their daggers and horse bridles with it. Their name for turquoise, pirouzeh, meant “victory.”

Persians wore turquoise jewelry around their necks and in their turbans. They believed it offered protection by changing color to warn of impending doom. (Turquoise can, in fact, fade if exposed to sunlight or solvents.)

During this time, Native Americans of pre-Columbian origin mined the gemstone turquoise throughout the present-day Southwestern United States . Shamans used it in sacred ceremonies to commune with the spirit of heaven.

The Apache Indians believed that attaching turquoise to bows (and later, firearms) improved the hunter's accuracy .

Turquoise became valuable in the Native American trade, which transported North American materials to South America . Therefore, the Aztecs cherished turquoise for its protective power and used it on ceremonial masks, knives and shields.

Turquoise studded silver jewelry that is commonly associated with today's Native Americans dates back to the 1880s, when a white trader convinced a Navajo artisan to turn a piece of silver into turquoise jewelry.

Although many historic turquoise deposits have become depleted over the long life of the semi-precious stone, some small-scale mining operations (primarily in the United States) still produce fine materials today.

turquoise stone goddess pendant jewelry

Natural Blue Turquoise Pendant

So, your birthstone?

As can be seen, the birthstones associated with each month help increase the healing properties for that month while giving many health benefits to the wearer.

We hope that this information on the stones of life by month and their meaning will help you improve your daily life. This guide makes it easy to calculate your birthstone. And in all cases, whether you are from January, April, July or December, the most important thing is to follow your intuition in choosing your stone.

 

Natural fine stone collection

Keywords: which stone for me, which stone suits me

Read also: Connect to the energy of your stones on a daily basis

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3 comments
  • j aie beaucoup aimer ce documentaire sur les pierres car je mi interesse beaucoup et toujours curieuse d apprendre plus cordialement

    seignon on
  • j aie beaucoup aimer ce documentaire sur les pierres car je mi interesse beaucoup et toujours curieuse d apprendre plus cordialement

    seignon on
  • Je viens de découvrir votre site et je trouve cela très intéressant mais ou acheter les pierres au bon endroit merci très intéressant en espérant avoir de nouvelles publications merci

    Paccalin on

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